Although ethiopia s economy has grown rapidly over the past decade and urbanization is increasing, the countrys economic and spatial transformation has only just begun. Strengthening policy coherence for sd planning and. Policy plan for accelerated and sustained development to. Urban land lease policy of ethiopia case study on addis. This national employment policy and strategy document is organized as follows. In addition to multifactors driven it, governments policies are considered as key development interventions in promoting urbanization. Rural development policy of ethiopia with particular emphasis on. Implications of land policies for the ruralurban linkages. Regional development and planning under the federal arrangement the new federal system has made it possible for regional development concerns to be at the top of the government agenda in national policy making and it paved the way for decentralized decisionmaking the role of local communities in regional development. Ethiopia second urban local government development program.
An assessment of urban land lease policy implementation in. In this regard, the impact of urbanization on periurban environment and livelihoods can be evaluated as like any development intervention effects. In effect, pasdep is explicitly linked to the mdgs and constitutes ethiopia s medium term plan for achieving the mdgs. Urban land lease policy of ethiopia case study on addis ababa. Industry development strategy 1 industry development strategy of ethiopia august 2002 introduction the industry development strategy of the country has put in place the principles that primarily focus on the promotion of agriculturalled industrialization, exportled development, and expansion of labour intensive industries. Pdf barriers to green infrastructure development and planning in. Urban community development, urban policy asked in authors, poets, and playwrights.
In ethiopia, knowledge and skills about public policy is limited. It has also enjoyed a considerable attention by the government. Rural development policy of ethiopia with particular emphasis. The urban population in ethiopia is increasing rapidly. I was searching for urban development policy of ethiopia, so i would really appreciate if you could help me to that policy.
Economic growth, development and poverty in ethiopia. Purpose we would like to prepare our approach to the issue and. Digest of ethiopias national policies, strategies and programs. Ethiopias persistent urban poverty has made urban land and housing policy the subjects of ongoing debate. This national employment policy and strategy document is. Enhancing dairy development in ethiopia, at addis abeba. Implications of land policies for rural urban linkages and rural transformation in ethiopia getnet alemu zewdu and mehrab malek development strategy and governance division, international food policy research institute ethiopia strategy support program 2, ethiopia e ethiopia strategy support program essp essp ii working paper no. Ts 9a development of land tenure systems developing countries i90 belachew yirsaw urban land lease policy of ethiopie. The second urban local government development program ulgdp ii is designed as program for results pforr, which scales up the ongoing ulgdp 2008092014 a performancebased grant pbg program, with financing from the world bank and government of ethiopia goe, in the form of. Ts 9a development of land tenure systems developing countries 190 belachew yirsaw urban land lease policy of ethiopie. Africa as it is one of the few countries that has formula.
Agriculture is the mainstay of ethiopian economy involving major source of employment and gross national product. Introduction 1 the political transition of the 1990s 3. The national employment policy and strategy n eps of ethiopia is prepared in response to the need for such a framework to guide interventions aimed at improving employment and its poverty outcomes in the country. Policy science also helps to study the power dynamics among various policy actors in all the policy processes. Introduction in one form or another, economic planning is practiced in various countries. In turn, high growth rate of exports is required, in the first instance, to remove the threat of balance of payment constraint on gdp growth. Owing to this, this study is designed to examine the challenges and problems, status and. Nov 06, 2012 development policy choice in ethiopia tsegaye tegenu 06112012 public deficit, trade imbalance, macroeconomic instability, food insecurity, structural unemployment, lack of physical infrastructure facilities, changes in the absolute size of the population adding two million people over the country every year and the consequent.
Development policy both in rural and urban areas, with the deployment of about thirty eight thousand trained health extension workers across the country. Fdre federal democratic republic of ethiopia goe government of ethiopia ha hactar ida international development association io infrastructure office for ulgdp mse micro and small enterprise mwud ministry of works and urban development ngo nongovernmental organization op operational policy pap project affected people. Research achievements and other development outcomes are negated by the astounding increase in population number. A sample of forty projects with potential for cp and ten successful. Planning, housing, and land policy december 1988 pdf version september 2000 robert w. Ethiopia aims to achieve middleincome economy as of 20202023 while. Further delays will undermine any democratic progress. The national development policies of ethiopia economics essay. Overview of ethiopias development goals, policies, strategies, and targets.
I am asad, studying ma public policy studies at ethiopian civil service university. Even though there are more than 900 urban centers in ethiopia, addis abeba, its capital city, consisted of about 23% of the total urban population in the country pcc, 2008. Participation in development projects the world bank experience samuel paul the world bank washington, d. Ethiopia and china have been implementing rural development policies and strategies to lead millions of rural poor out of poverty. Introduction human resources development 11rd can be broadly defined as the development and utilization of human potentials for social and economic progress. The gtp recognizes that sustainable development in ethiopia can only be achieved if development is pursued in the social, economic and environmental areas in a balanced manner and ensuring that benefits accrued are equitably shared among the citizens of the country. Introduction any country or government in the world works day and night to achieve economic development to improve the welfare of its nation. Ethiopia second urban local government development program english abstract. As part of policy intervention in addressing the challenges of urban development in the country, activities such as investment promotion, improvement of governmental services in land and infrastructure, job creation, and housing provisions have been carried out. This set the basis for the identification of specific policies and measures fostering business expansion in the context of accelerating urban development.
The national information and communication technology ict policy and strategy. An assessment of urban land lease policy implementation in ethiopia. The problem one of the greatest development problem facing ethiopia today is population explosion. The federal democratic republic of ethiopia ministry of w orks and urban development resettlement policy framework urban local government development project draft no. The world bank s urban development strategy focuses on three priorities that are essential for successfully implementing sdg 11 and the new urban agenda. Pdf barriers negatively affect green infrastructure gi planning and sustainable development of urban areas. The federal democratic republic of ethiopia ministry of w. Ethiopia s share of agriculture in gdp in 2006 48 percent was the highest in the world, and more than double the average for low income countries 20 percent. They outline the overall strategic priorities and policies of the government. Federal and regional urban development policies and strategies such as the urban development policy, pasdep, urban planning law, etc. Policy was through a bottom up approach involving all key stakeholders, it is now important that the actions of stakeholders in relation to the development and performance of the construction industry should be tailored within its requirements. Policy impacts on housing sector the case of addis ababa esayas ayele urban planner ministry of works and urban development, ethiopia facts about ethiopia location east africa population 62 million area 1.
By african, standard rural development programme has long history in ethiopia. The fundamental development objectives of the federal democratic republic of. The ruralurban transformation in ethiopia ifpri ethiopia. Since 1991, ethiopia s record of economic growth has been very impressive. The study investigates ethiopia s and chinas rural development policies since the major rural reform periods. Whereas, it is necessary to regulate the carrying out of development undertakings in urban centers, contemplated both by public and private actors so that they will not be detrimental to the general well being of the community as well as the protection of natural environment. Making room for urban expansion, which proposes to secure the bareminimum public goods necessary for orderly growth a network of arterial roads, and a hierarchy of public open space. As a result, throughout the oecd, urban development policies seek to address a range of issues from managing urban expansion and congestion to fostering competitiveness, innovation, social inclusion and environmental sustainability. National employment policy and strategy of ethiopia. Pdf pathways to growth outlook for dairy development in ethiopia. Urban population 15 per cent capital city addis ababa population 3 million currency 1usd equals to 8. This paper critically examines the role of policies and institutions in addressing the developmental challenges of urban centers in ethiopia.
The open door policy, which was the political and legal platform for the establishment of what came to be known as special economic development land lease policy in addis ababa zones sedz in the early 1980s, was characterized by the special privileges it o. Urban development policy law ethiopia ethiopian law. If managed proactively, urban population growth presents a huge opportunity to shift the structure and location of economic activity from rural agriculture to the larger and more diversified urban industrial and service sectors. Structure, problems and policy issues an overview of ethiopia s planning experience tesfaye asfaw i. Structure, problems and policy issues issues of human resources development in ethiopia with particular reference to education getahun gebru i. Solomon berhe, phd in development economics and planning, university of economics hungary july 2011. Marketled agricultural development strategy a term paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course gads 503 development perspectives and political theories. Main text ministry of finance and economic development mofed september, 2006 addis ababa.
Since the start of the modern economics in 1776, many counties used all their resources and efforts to. Therefore, with the effective implementation of the health sector development policy and strategy, together with community mobilization, ethiopia has been. Construction in ethiopia housing development management. Implications of land policies for ruralurban linkages and rural transformation in ethiopia getnet alemu zewdu and mehrab malek development strategy and governance division, international food policy research institute ethiopia strategy support program 2, ethiopia e ethiopia strategy support program essp essp ii working paper no. Through a combination of investment project financing, policy development loans, and programforresults funding, the bank aims to help cities meet the critical demands of urbanization. Case study of bahir dar, ethiopia by haimanot woldgbrial teferi thesis submitted to the faculty of geoinformation science and earth observation of the university.
I am pleased to present the 2014 national human development report, which has been written on the theme of accelerating inclusive growth for sustainable human development in ethiopia. Development strategy and governance division, international food policy research. Jan 23, 2011 urban planning proclamation proclamation no. What are the challenges of urban development policy in. Digest of ethiopias national policies, strategies and.
Ii urbanization and its consequences xizhe peng, xiangming chen, and yuan cheng encyclopedia of life support systems eolss urbanization and its consequences xizhe peng institute of population research, school of social development and public policy. Strategies november, 2002 jlmsababa 8 ten years as well as considering the development experiences of countries which have attained rapid economic development, the government has now formulated specific policies and strategies to guide rural and agricultural development. Agriculture is the backbone of the ethiopian economy. In partnership with the government of ethiopia, nyu has tested this methodology in eighteen ethiopian cities. This particular sector determines the growth of all other sectors and consequently the.
Ethiopian development research institute edri, and other development. It is over 15 years since the last national human development report for ethiopia was published and much has changed in the intervening period. More than half of the worlds population now lives in cities. The impact of urbanization on peri urban environment and livelihoods can be seen in two ways. Challenges and way forward in the urban sector executive summary v this, both the administration and political decision making have to work across sectors.
Urban land policy and housing for poor and women in amhara. Oct 01, 2012 as part of policy intervention in addressing the challenges of urban development in the country, activities such as investment promotion, improvement of governmental services in land and infrastructure, job creation, and housing provisions have been carried out. Specialunited states insretitute of peapoce rt the views expressed in this report do not necessarily reflect the views of the united states institute of peace, which does not advocate specific policy positions. An overview the impulse for an industrial policy in ethiopia comes from the need to attain a high growth rate of exports. This policy defines social protection as being a set of formal and informal interventions that aim to reduce social and economic risks, vulnerabilities and deprivations for all people and facilitates equitable growth.
This is the second phase of the local government development program for ethiopia, and will support the planning, delivery, and sustained povision of priority municipal services and infrastructure. Facilitated by the international food policy research institute ifpri, essp 2 works closely with the government of ethiopia, the ethiopian development research institute edri, and other development partners to provide. Industrial policy and sustainable development by patrick paul walsh, senior advisor sdsn, new york industrial development can be driven by policies in countries of origin, countries of destination, corporations own initiatives and by international institutions. Big challenges, some opportunities fig working week 2012 knowing to manage the territory, protect the environment, evaluate the cultural heritage rome, italy, 610 may 2012 33 opportunities for urban development, urban planning will be streamlined and made responsive to. Integrated regional development planning in ethiopia. Case study on addis ababa and lease towns of amhara national regional state fig congress 2010 facing the challenges building the capacity sydney, australia, 1116 april 2010 urban land lease policy of ethiopia. Sustainable development and poverty reduction program. Industrialisation policy and industrial development strategy of ethiopia admit zerihun 239 ethiopia s trade and investment policy. Structural ethiopia transport sector project in support of fourth road sector development program english. These cities cant compete for many reasons, including lack of education and skills, poor. In ethiopia, the right to ownership of rural and urban land, as well as of all natural resources, is exclusively vested in the state and in the peoples of ethiopia. What are urban development policy of ethiopia answers. How can donors influence in building a solid and transparent land administration.
Assessment of urban development practices on business expansion in ethiopia research team mathewos asfaw, msc in planning studies, oxford brookes universityuk abebe zeluel, ma in urban management, erasmus university the netherlands dr. Urban bias policy has an effect on internal migration in the sense that better opportunities created by the urban policy infrastructure development to extract agricultural production and. Building on progress a plan for accelerated and sustained development to end poverty pasdep 200506200910 volume i. Standardisation is an important principle of rationalisation and requires that buildings be built of standardised components. Ethiopias national policies, strategies and programs edited by. Iv development and poverty reduction challenges 33 v overview of ethiopia s development goals, policies, strategies, and targets 36 5. Poverty reduction strategy paper annual progress report.
Further, the policy outcomes an d gaps are discusse d and expla ined. Free access to public data is an essential prerequisite for integrated planning, and not just data and access, but the possibility to look for specific information and trends. Economic growth, development and poverty in ethiopia by teshome a. The author utilizes data from world bank wb and food association. National policies and strategies ethiopian legal brief. The struggle against poverty is directly linked to saving rural people. Rural development policy of ethiopia with particular.671 1302 245 120 826 543 608 1389 1259 275 174 1644 320 1042 1647 329 818 897 1544 1529 635 978 385 286 1338 1350 723 242 130 1651 390 1246 1098 349 354 25 1662 1342 629 1108 821 613 640 1493 417 1285